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Click on the tabs below for some examples by sector of the projects EDI has carried out in Tanzania and with partners across the globe.

Period

Assignment name and brief description of the project

Client and Location

Oct – Dec 2015

Farmer Income Survey

The CSDP (Cotton Sector Development Programme) works to transform the productivity and competitiveness of the cotton sector, thereby improving the incomes and livelihoods of cotton farmers in the Lake Zone regions of Tanzania.
The 2015 Income survey, which followed a 2011 baseline survey and a 2014 Income survey, captures data on income differentials between the different contract farming arrangement.

The project was funded by Gatsby Charitable Foundation and the Department for International Development (DFID) whilst the work was conducted under the auspices of the Tanzania Cotton Board (TCB) and in conjunction with other project partners including Ukiriguru Research Institute and the Conservation Agriculture Regional Programme.

Tanzania Gatsby Trust

 

Tanzania

2014 – 2015

Measuring Household Labour in Smallholder Farming

In Sub-Saharan African farms, family labour is the major farm input and having a good measure of it is critical.  This project assessed the degree of measurement error in reporting household labour inputs in farming and the analytical implications of this error.  The methodological study collected information about labour for every member of farm households in a sample of villages in Tanzania during the 2013/2014 agricultural season. The experiment focused on three alternative survey designs: Control Group (C): Standard agricultural labour module, with labour reported in the aggregate by recall for the entire season (End-line Survey).  Treatment Group 1 (T1): Baseline Survey and phone surveys for labour module for the duration of the main season (Mobile phone survey). End-line Survey fielded to capture completed agricultural season yields and other inputs.  Treatment Group 2 (T2): Baseline Survey and intensive interview labour module during the duration of the main season (Time Use survey). End-line Survey fielded to capture completed agricultural season yields and other inputs. GPS location data was collected for all households and in addition, GPS data were used to calculate the area of farm plots. 

Data was successfully collected and cleaned by end of September 2014, and is currently being analysed.  Two research papers/policy brief are being produced using the data from the experiment. These papers should be completed during 2015.

World Bank/IZA/DFID

 

Tanzania

2014

Tanzania Africa RISING Baseline Evaluation Survey (TARBES)

As part of the US government’s Feed the Future initiative that aims to address global hunger and food security issues in sub-Saharan Africa, the US Agency for International Development is supporting multi-stakeholder agricultural research projects under Africa Research In Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING – AR) program.  The overall aim of the program is to transform agricultural systems through sustainable intensification projects in three regions of Africa. In this project, EDI collected baseline household and community data in Babati, Kongwa, and Kiteto districts in Tanzania for the purpose of facilitating M&E of Africa Rising-Tanzania project.  Baseline geo-coded household data was collected from ‘baby’ farmers in the intervention villages, with household survey data also collected from counterfactual villages. In addition to the household survey, a community survey was conducted using a short structured community questionnaire from key informants and/or village leaders. 

IFPRI

 

Tanzania

2014

Impact Evaluation: ‘CHANGE’ Programme

The objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of two different versions of an enhanced homestead food production program implemented in Burkina Faso and Tanzania by Helen Keller International. At baseline the household survey was conducted to collect information on household demographics, socio-economic characteristics, production and consumption, household food security, health & nutrition plus related knowledge and practices. In addition anthropometric measure of the target children and mothers were recorded. Capillary blood samples were taken from children to assess the children’s haemoglobin status, presence of malaria, and to conduction additional biochemical analyses. The households and respondents will be followed up over the course of the intervention period. The research was conducted in both English and French with survey support from EDI UK and Surveybe.

IFPRI Tanzania and Burkina Faso

2013 to date

Attaining Sustainable Services from Ecosystems through Trade-off Scenarios

This project aims to explicitly quantify the linkages between ecosystem services that affect – and are affected by – food security and nutritional health for the rural poor at the forest-agricultural interface. The EDI team worked with ESPA Assets providing support and training in the development and configuration of electronic tools to suit the needs of this study, as well as on-going support during field work.

ESPA Assets, University of Southampton, UK Malawi and Columbia

2012

Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA)

(Living Standards Measurement Survey) Ethiopia Rural Socioeconomic Survey. Under the LSMS-ISA initiative, the World Bank is supporting governments in 7 Sub-Saharan African countries to generate household panel data with a strong focus on agriculture and modelled on the integrated household survey design of the LSMS.  EDI supported the Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency to ‘computerise’ the Ethiopia Rural Socioeconomic Survey on Surveybe, developing agricultural and livestock modules to capture data at each stage of the planting, harvesting and selling cycles.  We trained their staff in electronic data collection methods at HQ and field level, and supported them through the whole first year of electronic data collection for their national survey.

CSA – Central Statistics Agency; Ethiopia

2011 to date

Herd Histories in Ethiopia

ILRI, in collaboration with various partners is pursuing a comprehensive research agenda aimed at designing, developing and implementing market mediated index-based insurance products to protect livestock keepers from drought related asset losses they face, particularly those in the drought prone Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). ILRI partnered with EDI for the provision of electronic data collection tools which have been designed to assess the herd size and lineage of livestock for farmers in Ethiopia, and noting the key events or shocks that have direct impact upon the herd population. Collared Sub-set, Baseline and Repeat surveys: Following the Herd Histories project ILRI quickly expanded their use of Surveybe software and consultative services on three other projects for a twelve month period. These are on-going projects located in Kenya and Ethiopia, which utilise different languages including Amharic.

ILRI – International Livestock Research Institute

Kenya

 2010 – 2012

Technical Support to the Uganda National Panel Survey 

Through an ongoing collaboration with the World Bank Living Standards Measurement Study – Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) project, EDI worked with the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBoS) in moving from paper based questionnaires to CAPI for the second wave of the Uganda National Panel Survey (UNPS). The UNPS is a panel survey being carried out annually on a nationally representative sample of approximately 3000 households. The survey is conducted through two household visits per year in order to capture the two cropping seasons of the country. The UNPS is comprised of the following modules:

-Household (demographics, education, labour, health, consumption, assets, income & enterprises, housing conditions, child health & nutrition, shocks & food security)

-Agriculture (planting, production, inputs)

-Price/Market

-Community/Facility Questionnaires (education, roads & transport, health facilities, water & sanitation)

Staff at UBos were fully supported during the 2nd wave of the study by EDI and received training to enable them to design their own electronic surveys in Surveybe for the 3rd wave of the National Panel Survey.

Uganda Bureau of Statistics / World Bank

 

Uganda

Period

Assignment Name and brief description of deliverables and outputs

Name of Client and Country of Assignment

January – May 2016

Impact Evaluation of the Urban Local Government Strengthening Program (ULGSP)

The Urban Local Government Strengthening Program (ULGSP) in Tanzania aims to address the sources of challenges to service delivery by improving the institutional capacity for urban service delivery and by strengthening accountability systems in 18 urban local government authorities.

The program leverages a performance for results instrument to enhance institutional performance in 5 key areas: urban planning, own source revenue collection, fiduciary systems, urban infrastructure service delivery and accountability and oversight systems.
The goal of the Impact Evaluation (IE) is to produce evidence about the impact of greater capacity on governance outcomes. Governance outcomes are very different from outcomes that are measured in other sectors as part of impact evaluation work, such as, for example, the impact of a health project on objective indicators of health outcomes among children. Governance outcomes are difficult to measure in objective ways. Self-sufficient urban local governments whose officials work together in effective teams to plan, raise resources, deliver services, and win the trust and cooperation of the people, are examples of such outcomes.

The IE will use two survey instruments to gather data on the perceptions and self-reported experience with governance outcomes of two key stake-holders—the citizens (households) and the local public officials. The data gathered by EDI will examine whether the citizens and local officials that reside and work in local governments with greater institutional capacity report different beliefs, perceptions and experience with governance than those in areas with less institutional capacity. Such evidence in turn will allow the government to work with international development partners to invest in effective capacity building that delivers outcomes on the ground.

The United Republic of Tanzania
Prime Minister’s Office – Regional Administration and Local Government (PMO-RALG)

 

Tanzania

2015

Uwezo Follow Up Survey

Twaweza is a ten year citizen-centered initiative (www.twaweza.org), focusing on large-scale change in East Africa that seeks to foster conditions and expand opportunities through which citizens can get information and make change happen in their own communities directly and by holding government to account. As part of the evaluation of Twaweza’s first strategic period (2009-2014) and in collaboration with the Amsterdam Institute of International Development (AIID), Twaweza conducted a nationally-representative survey of 2,500 households throughout Tanzania. The survey collected data on an extensive set of indicators related to citizen agency and government responsiveness particularly in the education, health and water sectors.

(the highlights of the findings can be found here http://www.twaweza.org/uploads/files/AIIDBaseline-small.pdf).  In 2015, EDI conducted a follow up survey of the same households interviewed in 2009.

TWAWEZA

 

Tanzania

2014-2015

Public Opinion Study of Natural Resource Management Revenues in Tanzania

In 2010, Tanzania discovered natural gas reserves off its southern coast worth roughly fifteen times its annual GDP. This project assesses the ability of Tanzanian voters to formulate coherent views on a range of options for the use of gas revenues – including a sovereign wealth fund, revenue sharing with regional governments, and direct distribution in the form of cash transfers. The sample is 2000 nationally-representative respondents in 20 districts in Tanzania, who are divided into control and treatment groups. The intervention consists of a “deliberative polling” exercise to be held in Dar es Salaam in April 2015. This will be a series of public deliberations with a nationally representative sample of ordinary Tanzanians, where respondents will be exposed to expert information and public debate. Baseline surveys were conducted prior to the deliberative poll for both the control and treatment group. Two rounds of follow-up phone surveys will be conducted after the poll to assess whether respondents have changed their opinions and their level of public engagement.  EDI is responsible for the design and implementation of the survey in Tanzania.

Centre for Global Development

 

Tanzania

2014

Survey Support to Afrobarometer

The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Tanzania – Afrobarometer is an independent, non-partisan research project that measures the social, political, and economic atmosphere in Africa.  Afrobarometer surveys are conducted in 35 African countries and are repeated on a regular cycle. Because the instrument asks a standard set of questions, countries can be systematically compared. Trends in public attitudes are tracked over time. Results are shared with decision makers, policy advocates, civic educators, journalists, researchers, donors and investors, as well as average Africans who wish to become more informed and active citizens. EDI is supporting Afrobarometer in implementing this study in advising on questionnaire development and providing software training and support.

Afrobarometer

Tanzania

2012 – 2016

Technical Support to Young Lives Programme

Young Lives is an international study of childhood poverty, involving 12,000 children in 4 countries over 15 years. It is led by a team in the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford in association with research and policy partners in the 4 study countries: Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. Through researching different aspects of children’s lives, they seek to improve policies and programmes for children.  EDI has been working with the Young Lives Programme since 2012 to enable them use CAPI across all 4 countries and has supported them in their development of Surveybe modules, and provided both designer training and supported them in their initial training of field staff.

Young Lives, University of Oxford  

Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

2009 – 2010

National Income Dynamics Survey (Wave 2)

The National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) was the first national household panel study in South Africa. EDI developed a data capture and tracking programme for the second round of this panel survey which tracks 28,000 respondents across South Africa. In addition, EDI has also provided a package of training and support services to assist the University of Cape Town and Nielsen (their data collection partner) in bringing the survey to the field.

University of Cape Town South Africa

2008

Beneficiary Impact Assessment of Integrated Human Development Project

Development of electronic Monitoring and Evaluation tools for the assessment of the IHD Project in Maldives covering health, education and employment services. Responsibilities included programming and configuration of electronic tools to meet the specific needs of the Beneficiary Impact Assessment, development of validation rules, piloting of survey tools on UMPCS and training of OPM staff in use of software and UMPCs for data collection.

 OPM

Maldives

Period Assignment name and brief description of the project Client and Location
2014 E-Verification Baseline Market Survey

EDI supported IFPRI in the development of an electronic survey instrument for this market survey in Uganda. The objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of using e-verification to reduce counterfeiting of agricultural inputs in Uganda. To this end three questionnaires were configured: a market survey, a community listing exercise (quasi-census) and a baseline survey of individual households. IFPRI collected the household survey data via mobile computers and using Surveybe software, with EDI support to design and enable multi-language questionnaires for each questionnaire.

IFPRI

Uganda

2012 Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth

As part of a project with the World Bank, CSAE ran a business ideas competition in Tanzania during 2011.  This survey follows those young entrepreneurs to learn about their experiences since the competition, and to measure what effect any prize money from the competition may have had.    EDI was responsible for the design and implementation of the survey.

University of Oxford   Tanzania
2012 Promotion of Women’s Entrepreneurship 

Tanzania Virtual Business Incubator – An endline impact evaluation of a World Bank project – Promotion of Women’s Entrepreneurship: Tanzania Virtual Business Incubator.   A total of 820 women are part of the evaluation design. The project targeted women who are: (i) aged between 18 and 50 years old; (ii) functionally literate and display basic technical and managerial skills; and, (iii) running their own business at the start of the project and willing to turn their enterprises into growth-oriented businesses.  The sectors they engaged in were handicrafts/artwork, textile and tailoring, poultry, food processing, food vending, and soap processing. EDI was responsible for the design and implementation of the survey including the following deliverables/outputs: finalised of survey CAPI questionnaires, survey manuals, enumerator training, raw data sets and final clean geo coded datasets with supporting documentation.

World Bank   Tanzania
2011 Technical Assistance Intervention for the Consumer Price Index Surveys

The National Statistics Service of Georgia (Geostat) received support from the Focus on Results: Enhancing Capacity Across Sectors in Transition (FORECAST) organizational development programme. The goal was to support capacity building at Geostat for its field work as well as improving the reliability of data and surveys produced.  EDI worked with Geostat to assist it in improving its data quality through the use of electronic data capture. EDI provided configured Surveybe software, as well as, training and piloting support for the monthly Price Statistics Survey. The survey serves as bases in the computation of Consumer Price Index (CPI) and inflation rate.

Geostat – Georgia Statistical Bureau Georgia
2010-11 Baseline and Follow Up Survey of Manufacturing Firms in Dar es Salaam

In collaboration with the Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) at Oxford university, EDI has implemented several rounds of surveys on African Competitiveness in light manufactured goods. They were initiated and funded by the World Bank’s Research Department and the Africa Region’s Financial and Private Sector Development Department. The survey was conducted in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Zambia and China. The objective is to understand why African countries import instead of producing some of the most simple manufactured products that they consume. About 200 young entrepreneurs presented their business ideas before a committee of experienced managers. The best 16 applications received a start-up grant of US$1,000. Surveys track the senior committee members in addition to the successful and unsuccessful young candidates.   The survey was implemented together with a randomised experiment on the effects of social networks on firm outcomes.

Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford   Tanzania

 

Period Assignment name and brief description of the project

Client and Location

March 2015 – February 2016

KiuFunza Implementation

The Twaweza initiative are implementing two separate interventions that aim to improve the channeling of resources to public primary schools for quality improvement of public education, and the restricting of incentives to improve learning outcomes of primary school students.

Twaweza is collaborating with J-PAL to design a randomized control trial of 350 Public Primary Schools to evaluate and understand the effects of both interventions. Participating schools will be randomly allocated to one of four study arms, and the interventions will be rolled out in the treatment groups. In order to monitor these interventions, EDI is undertaking baseline and endline School and Household Surveys to collect school and teacher information as well as student and household information from randomly selected students from standard 1 to 3.

Midway through the interventions EDI will also conduct two rounds of school monitoring visits to collect information on teacher attendance and activities within schools. 

TWAWEZA

 

Tanzania

   

2013, 2014 & 2015

Experiments to Improve Learning Outcomes in Tanzania

Since early 2013, EDI have been collaborating with Twaweza and J-PAL to design and implement a randomized control trial to evaluate and understand the effects of two interventions at 350 randomly selected public primary schools across 10 districts in Tanzania. The interventions include a school grant as well as teacher incentives, which aim to improve the channelling of resources to public primary schools for quality improvement of public education, and the learning outcomes of primary school students respectively.  The baseline survey in early 2013 collected school and teacher information as well as student and household information from randomly selected classes, teachers, and students from standard 1 to 3.  Participating schools were then randomly allocated to one of four study arms, and the interventions were be rolled out in the treatment groups. In May/June and September 2013, two rounds of monitoring visits to schools collected information on teacher attendance and activities within schools. An end-line survey during late 2013 again collected teacher and school data, as well as information from students and households interviewed and tested during baseline.

We repeated similar surveys in the sampled schools during 2014, and are currently embarking on the design of the experiments with TWAWEZA and IPA/JPAL for 2015. You can read more about this experiment on the TWAWEZA website.

TWAWEZA

 

Tanzania

Mar – Sept 05

The Determinants of Schooling in Kagera Region – Sequential Quan/Qual Work

This project designed and implemented a qualitative instrument to look at the determinants of schooling in the KHDS clusters (see below). Very specifically it was geared towards understanding an empirical fact observed in the data, namely that villages with high ethno-linguistic fractionalisation performed worse in terms of schooling than those with low ethno-linguistic fractionalisation. The qualitative work was conducted to feed back into the quantitative work: to assess the likelihood of several possible scenarios to explain the empirical observation and determine strategies to test them in the data. 

University of Copenhagen

 

Tanzania

 

Period Assignment name and brief description of the project

Client and Location

2015

Transparency for Development Project

The Transparency for Development (T4D) project is designed to investigate the questions of whether well-designed T/A interventions improve health outcomes and under what conditions.  The intervention will be an adaptation of the community scorecard: the community scorecard “plus” (CSC-plus). The whole project will evaluate these interventions across two phases, using a mixed methods evaluation approach.   EDI are currently involved in phase 1, carrying out randomized control trials in Tanzania to evaluate the intervention effects, both on health care quality and outcomes, and on community power relations and dynamics.  We are developing and conducting, community, health facility, and household surveys, in Tanga, Tanzania.

Harvard University/

Results for Development Institute,

Tanga, Tanzania

2015

KNCU Community Health Insurance Fund Follow Up Survey

The Health Insurance Fund (HIF) and its implementing partner PharmAccess facilitate access to comprehensive health care by making health insurance affordable to low and middle-income groups in Africa. The program aims to alleviate poverty among households, by building a health insurance financing and delivery system that functions effectively and efficiently over a long-term period. For more information see www.hifund.org.  EDI is undertaking a 1000 household follow up survey to assess the impact of this intervention. 

Amsterdam Institute for International Development

 

Tanzania

2014

Survey Support to the Malaria Consortium

Malaria Consortium works in partnership with communities, health systems, government and non-government agencies, academic institutions and local and international organisations to ensure good evidence supports delivery of effective anti-malaria services to secure access for groups most at risk, to prevention, care and treatment of malaria and other communicable diseases. EDI is supporting the Malaria Consortium in the implementation of surveys in Uganda to monitor the effectiveness of their interventions with electronic data collection tools. It is expected that following pilot activities in Uganda that this project will expand to cover all 6 countries in which they work.

Malaria Consortium

Uganda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Mozambique, South Sudan and Ghana

2013-14

Geographically Concentrated Multi-Level HIV Prevention in Bukoba Urban District: Outcome Evaluation of a Combination Prevention Program for ICAP  

In this survey, a joint EDI/ICAP team interviewed over 5000 respondents in 2,500 Households. In addition, ICAP medical staff conducted rapid HIV tests on all consenting respondents.  A cohort of over 380 respondents who were newly diagnosed as being HIV positive were then re-interviewed within two weeks of the diagnosis and again 6 months later to track their experiences.   EDI was responsible for the design and implementation of the baseline and tracking surveys. 

Columbia University/ICAP

 

Tanzania

Dec 2012 – Apr 2013

KNCU Community Health Insurance Fund Baseline Survey

The Health Insurance Fund (HIF) and its implementing partner PharmAccess facilitate access to comprehensive health care by making health insurance affordable to low and middle-income groups in Africa. The program aims to alleviate poverty among households, by building a health insurance financing and delivery system that functions effectively and efficiently over a long-term period. For more information see www.hifund.org.  EDI designed and undertook a 1600 household baseline survey and market price survey prior to the commencement of this initiative, and will be conducting a follow-up survey in 2015 to assess the impact of this intervention.

Amsterdam Institute for International Development

 

Tanzania

2011 – 2015

Malnutrition in Children Under Two

This 3.5 year study in Guatemala follows pregnant women through pregnancy, birth and then the addition of new children into mother/child pairings over the first 24 months of a child’s life. The survey involves regular interviewing and extensive anthropometric measurements. The surveybe team has provided configured survey tools translated into Spanish as well as support and training to the survey team in the use of surveybe software, data structure and field management. IFPRI will be configuring their own questionnaires for the 3 month follow-up survey onwards.

IFPRI – International Food Policy Research Institute

Guatemala

2010-2012 

Assessing the Impact of a Supplier Incentive on Coverage and Uptake of Subsidized ACTs in Remote Retail Shops in Tanzania

Our research team undertook the design of surveys and data collection for the monitoring and evaluation of the Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria (AMFm) initiative.  The survey involved:

– Over a 21 month period conducting a total of 3,400 basic retail audits, 800 comprehensive retail audits, and 9,800 exit interviews at a sample of 200 Accredited Drug Dispensing Outlets (ADDOs) in Rukwa, Lindi, and Mtwara regions of Tanzania.

– Conducting baseline, midline, and endline surveys in 1,000 households in the communities served by the ADDOs.

The survey was conducted on Surveybe software enabling the easy presentation of images for drug recognition in the shop audits.

Clinton Health Access Initiative and MIT-Zaragoza International Logistics Program

 

Tanzania

July 2009 – Dec 2010

Assessing the Long-term Economic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Households and Individuals in Kagera Region (KHDS-3)

KHDS is a Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) which tracked 3,200 households that were interviewed initially by the World Bank in 1991 and tracked and re-interviewed by EDI in 2003/4.  In this third round EDI tracked and interviewed the Households from the first (and second) rounds to collect data to assess the impacts of HIV and other health shocks on their well being. 

EDI was responsible for the design and implementation of the survey including the following deliverables/outputs: finalised of survey CAPI questionnaires, survey manuals, enumerator training, raw data sets and final clean geo coded datasets with supporting documentation.

World Bank, Rockwool Foundation and Agence française de développement (AFD),

 

Tanzania

Period Assignment name and brief description of the project Client and Location
March-June 2015 TWAWEZA Follow-up Survey on Citizen Agency and Government Responsiveness

In 2011 Twaweza in collaboration with Amsterdam Institute of International Development (AIID) conducted a nationally-representative baseline survey of 2500 households throughout Tanzania on indicators related to citizen agency and government responsiveness in the education, health and water sectors as part of the evaluation of Twaweza’s first strategic period (2009-2014). Additional surveys were conducted in the 250 communities where the households were located at schools and health facilities, and with village leadership. EDI has completed the follow up survey which involves a re-visit to the 2,500 households included in the baseline and re-survey of the schools, health facilities, and communities in the same 250 villages.

Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF)

 

Tanzania

Jul – Nov 2012

 

May – Sept 2011

Nov 2008- July 2009

TASAF Community Based Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation –Baseline, First and Second Follow Up Survey –

EDI were repeatedly contracted over 4 years to implement the baseline, and then first and second follo-up rounds of the TASAF Conditional Cash Transfer project.

Conditional Cash Transfers were disbursed to households assessed vulnerable by both the community and a survey instrument administered to all households in the village.  Eligible (vulnerable) households needed to abide by certain conditions, such as children’s school and clinic attendance in order to remain in the transfer programme.  The impacts are identified by a staggered introduction of the programme in 40 out of the 80 villages.

The outcome of this project provides a basis for the government to decide whether or not to scale this programme up to national level. EDI was responsible for the design and implementation of each round of the impact evaluation.

World Bank/IFPRI/ Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF)

 

 

Tanzania

2011 – 2012

 

 2009 – 2010

 

2007 – 2008

Impact Assessment of the Tanzania Social Action Fund

This 3 year panel survey, commissioned to EDI by the World Bank and TASAF, follows a treatment and comparison groups of vulnerable people, who participate in a community driven development project. Impacts will be identified through the staggered introduction of the project in 50 of the 100 sampled communities. This project involves a complicated listing exercise to stratify the sample within the village and oversample vulnerable groups.    EDI was responsible for the design and implementation of the survey including the following deliverables/outputs: finalised of survey CAPI questionnaires, survey manuals, enumerator training, raw data sets and final clean geo coded datasets with supporting documentation.

Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF)

 

Tanzania

Feb 2013 – July 2014 Baseline and Endline Paralegal Survey

Evaluation of community-based legal aid programme initiated in Kagera by Mama’s Hope Organization for Legal Assistance (MHOLA). The intervention is intended to improve the delivery of legal services through 1) the provision of training paralegals at the community level and 2) providing material incentives to encourage the transfer of knowledge to all individuals in the community.  The survey involved a panel household survey (1800 households sampled from 150 clusters); a community panel survey; and, a paralegal panel survey (150 paralegals – 1 assigned per cluster).

IFPRI

 

Tanzania

Feb 2008 – 2009 Dissemination of the Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) results to District Councils

Design and implementation of dissemination exercises to ensure that the findings of each district level CWIQ survey were disseminated to stakeholders from district Government all the way down to the lowest administrative units (i.e. villages).  The dissemination of CWIQ data will:

-promote evidence-based policy debate;

-promote evidence-based policy formulation;

-provide tools for district level M&E; and,

-increase accountability of LGA to citizens.

The exercise involved the dissemination of the results of CWIQ to stakeholders in each district (councillors, district officials, NGOs, CBOs, Advocacy Groups, MPs, ‘interested citizens’, etc) through the facilitation of participative stakeholder workshops and the distribution of colourful, easy to read and informative posters and research briefs.

PMO-RALG (Prime Minister’s Office – Regional Administration and Local Government)
2008 – 2010 Survey Support to the Kenya Conditional Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation

This programme sees Conditional Cash Transfers disbursed to households assessed vulnerable by both the community and a survey instrument administered to all households in the village. Eligible (vulnerable) households must abide by certain conditions, such as children’s school and clinic attendance in order to remain in the transfer programme. The EDI team worked with OPM to develop and configure electronic tools to suit the needs of the impact evaluation and provided training to survey managers and field staff in the use of the software, logistical know-how on the practicalities of using mobile technology in the field. Support was provided on-site during piloting and continual support throughout the survey implementation.

Oxford Policy Management

Kenya

Jun 07 – 2008 Tanzania Consumption and Welfare Survey

The objective of this 4000-household year-long survey was to improve on current methods of collecting survey data on household and individual economic welfare. This was achieved through the careful design and implementation of experiments in the collection of the primary measures found in practice for both objective and subjective welfare measurement. The analytical approach was to design several alternative consumption modules with variation in terms of collection method (diary or recall), length of detail in consumption items, and length of recall period. Subjective welfare measures were anchored using innovative anchoring vignettes. Each of the 8 modules is assigned to 500 households across 7 districts in Tanzania. One module was a careful individual diary that will serve as the benchmark of consumption. The relative performance of each module is compared to the relative costs of administration. The results of this study yielded important information concerning the relative accuracy and costs of various consumption measurement designs.

World Bank (LSMS group)

 

Tanzania

Apr 06- May 07 Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire Survey of 28 Tanzanian Districts

A team of 35 people conducted surveys in 28 districts in Tanzania. District level data was collected for about one quarter of all districts in the country. The work included listing households in 840 Enumeration Areas and organising household interviews of 12,600 households. Data entry happened through Teleform software, using scannable questionnaires.

The data collection and entry methods allowed one district to be listed in 2 weeks, interviewed in 2 weeks (sample size = 450 households) and all its questionnaires to be scanned in about 3 or 4 days. Software was written to automatically create all tables to ensure that reports come out just a few weeks after the completion of the field work. The work entailed the administration of 28 different surveys and the formulation 28 individual reports. These reports are intended for district level policy makers who, due to Tanzania’s ongoing decentralisation process, are becoming key policy makers and are increasingly in need of data to base their policies on.

PMO-RALG

 

Tanzania

Feb 05 – Sept 06 Moving out of Poverty Study – Simultaneous Mixing of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods

Design of an innovative strategy to simultaneously mix qualitative and quantitative research methods to understand movements out of poverty over the past 10 years in Kagera.

Using the KHDS data set (see below) an econometric prediction was made of the growth path a respondent was expected to follow between 1993 and 2004, based on what was known about him/her in 1993. Life histories were then conducted in matched sets of people who had similar predictions, but different outcomes. Thus a treatment and comparison group set-up is mimicked. The life histories were complemented with other qualitative data collection techniques such as focus group discussions and key informant interviews.

Contrary to many qualitative studies, we managed to maintain very rigid sampling procedures (using the KHDS data as our sampling frame), which will allow us to make firmer inferences. This study is part of a 16-country study to understand the determinants of poverty from the bottom up. The global effort is directed by Deepa Narayan at PREM, World Bank.

World Bank, PREM

 

Tanzania

Nov 04 – Sept 05 Orphanhood and its Long-run Impact on Children

Formulation of a policy research paper using the KHDS data set (see below) to determine whether orphanhood matters in the long-run for health and education outcomes in Kagera, an area deeply affected by HIV-AIDS in Africa. The use of long-term panel data (11-13 years) allows an assessment of whether the effects of orphanhood persist into adult life. The tracking of children who have left their original area of residence also allows for more robust inferences. These two features make this a unique study.

World Bank (DECRG)

 

Tanzania

Jan 05 – Aug 05 Implementation and Analysis of the CWIQ Survey in Karatu, Kondoa, Mbulu and Monduli Districts

Conducting an 1800 household CWIQ survey in Karatu, Kondoa, Mbulu and Monduli districts. The resulting reports provided detailed district level baseline data on poverty, nutrition and other welfare indicators as well as of service use and satisfaction. Poverty mapping techniques were used to determine, for the first time, district level poverty rates.

SNV – Netherlands Development Organisations –

 

Tanzania

Oct 04 – July 05 Measuring Risk Perceptions

This research started from the premise that economists study data on choices that people make and from this deduce people’s preferences and expectations. This identification process, as well as the predictions based on it, become flawed when multiple sets of preferences and expectations are consistent with the same data. The research explored one possible way forward: to measure directly people’s expectations on future states of the world. The research established the theoretical merits and practical constraints of doing so. Data on risk perceptions seems particularly relevant for understanding savings and investment behaviour in the developing world, where risk is pervasive and often posited to have significant costs. The project established a field instrument to collect risk perception data. This culminated in a paper in the Social Protection Unit Discussion Paper Series (peer-reviewed).

World Bank (Social Protection Unit)

 

Tanzania

Jun-Aug 05 Perceptions of Time and Distance

This project was to assess the quality of data collected through household surveys as they relate to time and distance travelled. EDI organised over 500 trips in which respondents were asked to estimate time and distance to a destination (water source or school) and were subsequently requested to walk this same distance with a pedometer to measure the actual time and distance. Initial comparisons of estimated and actual times and distances shows that correlations are weak, but slightly better for time than for distance (25% and 50% correlation respectively).  Further work on whether certain socio-economic groups systematically over or underestimate will be done. If measurement error is systematic, then this could lead to erroneous inferences about the relation between access and poverty.

World Bank (TUDTR)

 

Tanzania

Mar – Sept 05 The Determinants of Schooling in Kagera Region – Sequential Quan/Qual Work

This project designed and implemented a qualitative instrument to look at the determinants of schooling in the KHDS clusters (see below). Very specifically it was geared towards understanding an empirical fact observed in the data, namely that villages with high ethno-linguistic fractionalisation performed worse in terms of schooling than those with low ethno-linguistic fractionalisation. The qualitative work was conducted to feed back into the quantitative work: to assess the likelihood of several possible scenarios to explain the empirical observation and determine strategies to test them in the data.

University of Copenhagen

 

Tanzania

Jan 03 – Aug 04 Kagera Health and Development Survey: Tracking Individuals after 10+ years

EDI undertook a study into the long-run impacts of HIV/AIDS and other health shocks on the wealth dynamics of households and individuals within North West Tanzania. This study entailed the resurvey of the panel of households, communities and service providers in the Kagera Health and Development Survey (KHDS) undertaken in 1991-1994.

It involved retracing all individuals from the initial 919 households Collection of community and service provider data augments this analysis and enables the tracking of how service provision has developed in the region over the past ten years. The novel feature of this survey is its long time period (11-13 years) combined with locating even respondents who reside outside their original place of residence. Teams were sent across the whole of Tanzania and into neighbouring countries to collect data.

World Bank/Danida

 

Tanzania

Apr-Nov 04 Mixed Methods Analysis of Long-term Welfare Mobility

Using qualitative research methods, including focus group discussions and life histories, to determine the primary factors relating to upward and downward income and welfare mobility. An important aspect of this research was concerned with devising novel instruments to integrate qualitative and quantitative research methods. Rather than merely triangulating the results of both methods, the aim was to develop qualitative tools that can be used as input in quantitative analysis. One of these tools was a coded life history to serve as a shock module; the other was the collection of information on risk perception in a participatory way. The papers that resulted from this research were presented at the Research and Analysis Working Group (R&AWG) to use as input in Tanzania’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and are published in the World Bank’s Social Protection Discussion Paper Series.

World Bank

 

Tanzania

Sept 03 – Sept 04 Implementation and Analysis of the CWIQ Survey in Kagera and Shinyanga Region

Conducting a 5000 household CWIQ survey in all districts in Kagera and Shinyanga regions.  Except for intensive field work management and report writing, this work involved close collaboration with the National Bureau of Statistics as well as the Local Government Authorities. The resulting reports provided detailed district level baseline data on poverty, nutrition and other welfare indicators as well as of service use and satisfaction. An important component of the project was to use recent advances in poverty mapping techniques to determine, for the first time, district level poverty rates. The findings were presented to the regional and district level authorities in formal launches, covered by all important national newspapers and television stations.

Royal Netherlands Embassy

 

Tanzania

Period

Assignment name and brief description of the project
Client and Location
Jan – Feb 2016
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Impact Evaluation: Dar es Salaam Transport Corridor

The Government of Tanzania is building a bus rapid transport system to improve public transportation in Dar es Salaam. Currently, public transport is provided by 5,200 privately-owned so-called daladala buses. Traffic congestion is severe. The Dar Rapid Transit (DART) system has been introduced with the aim and ambition to provide a better, more modern and more efficient public transport service to the residents of Dar es Salaam. The project is subdivided into 6 phases each including the construction of a strategic ‘corridor’ on which contracted firms exclusively run rapid transit buses, making up the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system.

EDI has undertaken baseline transport and traffic surveys and commuter survey data collection in Dar es Salaam to measure the impact of improved public transportation on labor market mobility the DART BRT system. Follow up data collection will be undertaken once the system is operational.

EDI conducts transport and traffic surveys and data collection projects in Dar es Salaam; for this project in particular the Baseline Data collection involved i) a travel time survey to measure commuting times from 6 points on the periphery of Dar and the CBD via bus, taxi and bajaj and ii) a survey of 1800 households sampled from 141 locations across Dar es Salaam.

World Bank

 

Tanzania

April – December 2015

Evaluation of MCC Energy Project  – An Impact Evaluation

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) aims to improve living standards and reduce poverty through economic growth. The Government of Tanzania received a grant from MCC to advance economic growth and reduce poverty through investments in energy infrastructure. The short-term objectives of this project are to improve the quality and increase the quantity of electricity to enterprises and households in order to increase investment potential.

The project components to be evaluated include the following:
1) Transmission and distribution systems rehabilitation and extension activity (T&D activity)
2) The financing scheme initiative (FS initiative)
3) Kigoma Solar Activity

The T&D and FS initiatives were rolled out in 7 study regions: Dodoma, Iringa, Kigoma, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mwanza and Tange, while the Kigoma Solar Activity was exclusive to Kigoma.

EDI is conducted a follow-up survey of 11,000 households in 7 regions to assess the impact of this project

Mathematica

 

Tanzania

June – October 2015

Improving Rural Access in Tanzania – An Impact Evaluation

DFID is seeking to improve the accessibility of rural communities by investing in repairing “bottlenecks” along selected rural roads. This was a baseline study of 1600 households before construction takes places using 5 case study roads to assess the socio economic characteristics of those affected by the road improvements, as well as access to selected health, education and other services and agricultural markets. The study roads are located in the districts of Morogoro, Gairo, Kilombero, Bahi and Wanging’ombe. The survey also included 13 market price surveys of food and non-food items and qualitative data collection from 60 focus group discussions.

Using a realist evaluation approach, comparison of baseline and endline data will allow evaluators to explore not just what changes have occurred as a result of road improvement, but also why and how, with regards to how various contextual factors and behavioural mechanisms combine to lead to the desired outcomes. EDI is also conducting preliminary analysis of the baseline data.

DFID and ITAD

 

Tanzania

Jan – Sept 2013

Baseline Data Collection for Water Sector Impact Evaluation

Baseline Survey of MCA Tanzania’s Water Sector interventions which aim to 1. Expand the capacity of the Lower Ruvu water treatment plant serving the Dar es Salaam areas, from about 180 million litres per day (MLD) to about 270 MLD and 2. Improve water supply in Morogoro through rehabilitating a water treatment plant and improving water transfer in the existing distribution network. These interventions are expected to increase production from 18 MLD to 33 MLD.  EDI undertook a baseline survey as a part of an impact evaluation to measure the effects of the above two interventions at the utility and household level, in the treatment areas.  The survey involved a range of quantitative data collection (including listing, a 5000 household survey, follow up phone survey, service provider survey and water quality survey), as well as focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews.

Millennium Challenge Account Tanzania

 

Tanzania

2011-12

Water And Sanitation Programme – Post-Intervention Data Collection And Analysis For The Impact Evaluation In Tanzania

Development and implementation of post-intervention data collection and analysis for the impact evaluation of the ‘Scaling up Sanitation and Hand-washing’ projects in Tanzania.   The follow-up household survey was implemented in the 10 districts included in the baseline study, with a sample size of 3620 households, in a total of 181 wards and 362 Sole Consultant villages. Primary participants were mothers and caretakers of children under five years old.

This post-intervention survey aimed to measure a broad range of health indicators, and intensively study the developmental, social, and economic welfare impacts of these interventions.  The objective of this evaluation is not only to assess the impact of the interventions in Tanzania, but to also compare these impacts across three other countries (with similar hygiene interventions), and two other countries (with similar sanitation interventions), and to be able to provide externally valid advice on the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of these approaches in other countries.

The survey entailed the collection of biomedical data – hematocrit blood iron tests of children under five years old, anthropometric data as well as observing the ‘handwashing’ behaviour of the household members.   A Community survey was also administered in all wards.

World Bank

 

Tanzania

2009

Impact Evaluation of Rural Roads Up-Grading Project

5-year assessment of the impact of the upgrading of rural road projects in Tanzania.  EDI designed the evaluation strategy and implemented the baseline fieldwork. Our teams visited around 4,200 households in 280 communities across mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar as part of a baseline survey conducted prior to the start of the construction work.

It is expected that during 2015, a further survey is going to be implemented to assess the impact of the upgrading.

Millennium Challenge Account

 

Tanzania